Alcohol Tolerance May Lead to Damaging Effects

The enzymes alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH), cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1), and catalase all contribute to oxidative metabolism of alcohol. ADH, present in the fluid of the cell (i.e., cytosol), converts alcohol (i.e., ethanol) to acetaldehyde. This reaction involves an intermediate carrier of electrons, +nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), which is reduced by two electrons to form NADH. […]

Alcohol Poisoning: Symptoms, Treatment & Prevention

While the long-term effects of alcohol on the brain can be quite serious, most of them of the damage is reversible is you stop drinking. Even brain atrophy can start to reverse after a few weeks of avoiding alcohol. Left untreated, alcohol poisoning can cause permanent brain damage and death. Heavy or binge drinking, […]